shandong museum
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Introduction to Exhibitions
Exhibition of Cultural History of Shandong
Exhibition of the Confucian Culture
Exhibition of Han Dynasties Pictorial Art
Exhibition of Buddhist Art
Exhibition of the King of Lu State of Ming Dynasty
Ceramics in the Collection of Shandong Museum
Paintings in the Collection of Shandong Museum
Calligraphic Works in the Collection of Shandong Museum
The Exhibition of the Results of Archaeology
Introduction to Archaeology
Shandong Celebrities Hall
5. Exhibition of the King of Lu State of Ming Dynasty

The Exhibition of the King of the Lu State of Ming Dynasty presents the historical relics excavated from the tomb of Zhu Tan, the first king of the Lu State in Ming Dynasty. In order to further stabilize his governance, the first King that had established Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang, sent his twenty-three sons to be kings of vassal states. Zhu Tan, as his tenth son, was titled as the King of the Lu State. Born in the Third Year of Hong Wu Reign in Ming Dynasty (1370), he was established as the King of Yan Zhou when he was 15 years old. Ever since then, Yan Zhou rose from a state to province, including four states and twenty three towns. Zhu Tan liked reading classics and poetry and learning the rites. He was courteous to the worthy, supportive of scholars, knowledgeable and was favored by Zhu Yuanzhang. He died from the poison of elixirs, which had injured his eyes at the age of 19 and was given the posthumous title: ¡°Huang¡±, which means ¡°ridiculous¡±.

From 1970 to 1971, under the guidance of Shandong Museum, people performed archaeological excavation to the Tomb of King Zhu Tan which was located at the southern foot of the Jiu Long Hill in the boundary area of Zoucheng and Qufu. Many precious historical relics including crowns, ornaments, furniture, clothes, brush, ink, paper, ink slab, zither, chess, scrolls, paintings, colored wooden figurines and so on were unearthed. These relics not only reflect the highly sophisticated artistic skills at that time, but also serve to reflect on the life in the palace of King Zhu Tan. They are of great importance to completing the history record and the study of the politics, economy, culture and other aspects of the beginning period of Ming Dynasty.